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Retail availabilityUnits soldMediaOperating systemCPU
Storage capacityMemoryDisplayGraphicsSoundController inputConnectivityOnline servicesBackwardcompatibility
(Counter-clockwise from top) Original logo, new logo,
original model, controller, newer slim model design.
|Sony EMCS, Foxconn,|
|Video game console|
|November 11, 2006(details)|
|33.5 million (as of December 31, 2009)|
system software version 3.30
|3.2 GHz Cell Broadband Engine with 1 PPE & 7 SPEs|
|2.5" SATA hard drive|
(20 GB, 40 GB, 60 GB, 80 GB, 120 GB, 160 GB, or 250 GB included)
|256 MB system and 256 MB video|
|550 MHz NVIDIA/SCEI RSX 'Reality Synthesizer'|
Audio output formats
*All models can decode Dolby TrueHD, and as of firmware 2.30
DTS-HD Master Audio, to be output as LPCM. Output of the raw undecoded
stream is limited to slim models.
|Sixaxis, DualShock 3, Logitech Driving Force GT, Logitech Cordless Precision |
controller, standard USB controllers, GT Force,
game controllers, PlayStation Move, GunCon 3, PlayStation Portable, Keyboard and
Flash memory input
(2 × in 40 GB and all later models)
*60 GB and CECHExx 80 GB models
**Included in box
***All except 20 GB model
|PlayStation (all models)|
PlayStation 2 (20 GB, 60 GB, and some (CECHExx) 80 GB
The PlayStation 3
(officially abbreviated as PS3
is the third home video game console
produced by Sony Computer Entertainment
the successor to the PlayStation
as part of the PlayStation series
The PlayStation 3 competes with Microsoft
as part of
of video game consoles.
A major feature that distinguishes the PlayStation 3 from its
predecessors is its unified online gaming
service, the PlayStation Network
which contrasts with Sony's former policy of relying on video game developers
Other major features of the console include its robust multimedia
connectivity with the PlayStation Portable
and its use of a high-definition optical
format, Blu-ray Disc
, as its primary storage
The PS3 was also the first Blu-ray 2.0
-compliant Blu-ray player on the
The PlayStation 3 was first released on November 11, 2006 in Japan,
November 17, 2006 in North
and South America
and March 23, 2007 in Europe
were available at launch: a basic
model with a 20 GB hard drive
(HDD), and a premium model with a 60 GB hard drive
and several additional features
(the 20 GB model was not released in Europe or Oceania).
Since then, several revisions have been made to the console's available
models, most notably with the release of a new slim model in September
2009 to coincide with rebranding of the console and its logo.
See also: History of
video game consoles (seventh generation)Sony
officially unveiled the PlayStation 3 (then marketed as PLAYSTATION
to the public along with its original returning
style controller 
on May 16, 2005, during the E3 2005 conference
A functional version of the system was not present there,
nor at the Tokyo Game Show
in September 2005,
although demonstrations (such as Metal Gear Solid 4:
Guns of the Patriots
were held at both events on devkits
and comparable PC
Video footage based on the predicted PlayStation 3 specifications was
also shown (notably a Final Fantasy VII tech
The initial prototype shown in May 2005 featured two HDMI
ports and six USB
however, when the system was shown again a year later at E3 2006
, these were reduced to one HDMI port, one Ethernet port
and four USB ports, presumably to cut costs.
Two hardware configurations were also announced for the console: a 20 GB
model and a 60 GB model, priced at $499 (€499) and $599 (€599),
The 60 GB model would be the only configuration to feature an HDMI
internet, flash card readers and a chrome trim with the logo in silver.
Both models were announced for a simultaneous worldwide release:
November 11 for Japan, and November 17 for North
On September 6, 2006, Sony
announced that the PAL
(Europe and Oceania
) PlayStation 3 launch would be delayed until
March 2007, due to a shortage of materials used in the Blu-ray
At the Tokyo Game Show on September 22, 2006, Sony announced that it
would include an HDMI port on the 20 GB system, but a chrome trim, flash
card readers, silver logo, and Wi-Fi would not be included.
Also, the launch price of the Japanese 20 GB model was reduced by over
and the 60 GB model was announced for an open pricing scheme in Japan.
During the event, Sony showed 27 playable PS3 games
running on final
Silver PlayStation 3 consoles on showcase in 2006.
Main article: PlayStation 3 launch
The PlayStation 3 was first released in Japan on November 11, 2006 at
According to Media Create
, 81,639 PS3 systems were sold
within 24 hours of its introduction in Japan.
Soon after its release in Japan, the PS3 was released in North
America on November 17, 2006.
Reports of violence surrounding the release of the PS3 include a
campers robbed at gunpoint,
customers shot in a drive-by shooting
with BB guns
and 60 campers fighting over 10 systems.
The console was originally planned for a global release through
November, but the European and rest-of-the-world's release was delayed
"until March" at the start of September.
With it being a somewhat last-minute delay, some companies had taken
deposit-based pre-orders, to which Sony informed customers that they
were eligible for full refunds or could continue the pre-order.
On January 24, 2007, Sony announced that the PlayStation 3 would go on
sale on March 23, 2007 in Europe, Australia, the Middle
, Africa and New Zealand
The system sold about 600,000 units in its first two days.
On March 7, 2007, the 60 GB PlayStation 3 launched in Singapore
with a price of S$
The console was launched in South Korea on June 16, 2007 in a single
version equipped with an 80 GB hard drive and IPTV
Slim and console rebranding
Following speculation that a 'slim' model was in the pipeline Sony
officially announced the PS3 CECH-2000 model on August 18, 2009 at the
Among its features are a slimmer form factor and quieter noise when
powered on. It was released in major territories by September 2009. As
part of the release for the slim model, the logo was changed from the
"Spider-Man font" and capitalised PLAYSTATION 3
to a more
like 'PlayStation 3' logo with "PS3" imprinted on the console.
Along with the console and logo redesign, the boot screen of all
consoles changed from "Sony Computer Entertainment" to "PS3 PlayStation
3", with a new chime and the game start splashscreen being dropped.
The cover art and packaging of games has also been changed to reflect
the redesign.HardwareSystem unit
Main article: PlayStation 3 hardware
The PlayStation 3 is convex on its left side, with the PlayStation
logo upright, when vertical (the top side is convex when horizontal),
and has a glossy black finish.
PlayStation designer Teiyu Goto stated that the Spider-Man
font-inspired logo "was one of
the first elements SCEI
decided on and the logo may have been the motivating force
behind the shape of PS3".
The PlayStation 3 features a slot-loading 2x speed Blu-ray
drive for games, Blu-ray movies, DVDs, CDs, and other optical
It was originally available with hard drives of 20 and 60 GB (only the
60 GB model was available in PAL regions).
An 80 GB model has since been introduced in NTSC
and a 40 GB model has been introduced in all regions.
All PS3 models have user-upgradeable 2.5" SATA hard drives.
The PlayStation 3 uses the Sony
-designed Cell microprocessor
as its CPU
which is made up of one 3.2 GHz PowerPC-based "Power Processing
Element" (PPE) and eight Synergistic Processing Elements (SPEs).
The eighth SPE is disabled to improve chip yields.
Only six of the seven SPEs are accessible to developers as the seventh
SPE is reserved by the console's operating system
. Graphics processing
is handled by the NVIDIA RSX 'Reality Synthesizer'
can output resolutions from 480i
up to 1080p HD
The PlayStation 3 has 256 MB of XDR DRAM
main memory and 256 MB of GDDR3 video
for the RSX.
The system has Bluetooth 2.0
, gigabit Ethernet
2.0 and HDMI
built in on all currently shipping models. Wi-Fi
networking is also built-in on the 40, 60, 80 GB and slim models while a
flash card reader (compatible with Memory
, and CompactFlash
media) is built-in on 60 GB and CECHExx 80 GB models.
The system supports up to 7 controllers that are connected via
Bluetooth 2.0 technology.
The PS3's hardware has also been used to build supercomputers
for high-performance computing
. Fixstars Solutions
sell a version of Yellow Dog Linux
for the PlayStation 3 (originally sold by
Terra Soft Solutions). RapidMind
produced a stream programming
package for the PS3,
but were acquired by Intel in 2009. Also, on January 3, 2007, Dr. Frank
Mueller, Associate Professor
of Computer science
, clustered 8 PS3s.
Mueller commented that the 256 MB of system RAM is a limitation for this
particular application, and is considering attempting to retrofit more
RAM. Software includes: Fedora
Core 5 Linux ppc64, MPICH2, OpenMP
v 2.5, GNU Compiler Collection
As a more cost-effective alternative to conventional supercomputers,
the U.S. military has purchased clusters of PS3 units for research
Retail PS3 Slim units cannot be used for supercomputing, because the
PS3 Slim lacks the ability to boot into a third-party OS.
On March 22, 2007, SCE and Stanford University
released the Folding@home
project for the PlayStation 3.
This program allows PS3 owners to lend the computing power of their
consoles to help study the physical process
of protein folding
In December 2008, a group of hackers used a cluster of 200
PlayStation 3's to hack the security protocol SSL
There are five original PlayStation 3 hardware models, which are
commonly referred to by the size of their included hard disk drive
: "20", "40", "60", "80" and "160" GB.
The only difference in the appearance of the first five models was the
color of the trim, number of USB ports, the presence or absence of a
door (which covers the flash card readers on equipped models), and some
minor changes to the air vents. All retail packages include one or two Sixaxis controllers
and/or a DualShock 3 controller
June 12, 2008
cable (for connecting the controller and PlayStation Portable
to the system),
one composite video
/stereo audio output cable,
one Ethernet cable
(20, 60, and CECHExx 80 GB
only) and one power cable
All models support software emulation of the original PlayStation,
but support for PlayStation 2 backwards compatibility has continually
diminished with later models, and the last model to advertise integrated
backwards compatibility was the 80GB Metal Gear Solid 4 Bundle.
Compatibility issues with games for both systems are detailed in a
public database hosted by the manufacturer.
All models, excluding the 20GB model, include 802.11
In addition to all of the features of the 20 GB model, the 60 GB model
has internal IEEE 802.11 b/g Wi-Fi, multiple flash
, Memory Stick/PRO/Duo
), and a chrome colored trim.
In terms of hardware, the 80 GB model released in South
is identical to the 60 GB model released in the PAL regions,
except for the difference in hard drive size.
Like the South Korean and European models, the North
80 GB (2007) model also excludes the PlayStation
" CPU chip
However, it still keeps the "Graphics Synthesizer" GPU.
Due to the elimination
of the "Emotion Engine
", the level of compatibility was reduced.
The 40 GB, 80 GB (2008), and 160 GB models have two USB ports instead
of the four USB ports on other models, and do not include multiple flash
card readers, SACD
or any backwards compatibility with PlayStation 2 games.
This was due to the removal of "Graphics Synthesizer" GPU, which
stripped the units of all PlayStation 2 based hardware.
No official Wi-Fi or flash
card readers were ever released by Sony for the 20 GB
system, although Sony had plans to do so.
As of September 2009 Sony have placed no further emphasis on these
proposed add-ons.
Nevertheless, as the model features four USB 2.0 ports, wireless networking
and flash memory card support can
already be obtained through the use of widely available external USB
adapters and third-party PS3-specific media hubs.
It was rumored that the Cell processors in the third-generation PS3s
(40 GB, 2008 80 GB, and 160 GB) would move from a 90 nm process to the
newer 65 nm process,
which SCEI CEO Kaz Hirai later confirmed,
and later to 45 nm. This change lowers the power consumption
of the console and makes it less
expensive to produce.Slim model
PlayStation 3 slimlineManufacturer
The PS3 slim (officially called the PS3 CECH-2000) is the redesigned
model of the console, and currently the only model in production. It
features an upgradeable 120GB or 250GB hard drive and is 33% smaller,
36% lighter, and consumes 34% less power than previous models.
The cooling system has been redesigned and Cell processor
has moved to a 45nm
It sold in excess of a million units in its first 3 weeks on sale.
The PS3 slim also includes support for CEC
(more commonly referred to by its manufacturer brandings of BraviaSync,
VIERA Link, EasyLink and others) which allows control of the console
over HDMI by using the remote control to use as a controller. The PS3
slim also runs quieter and cooler than previous models due to its 45 nm
Cell. The PS3 Slim no longer has the "main power" switch (similar to PlayStation 2 slim
), like the previous PS3
models, which was located at the back of the console. Support for
emulation to play PS2 titles is not present in the Slim version.
The PS3 slim was officially released on September 1, 2009 in North
America and Europe and on September 3, 2009 in Japan, Australia and New
However, some retailers such as Amazon.com
, and GameStop
started to sell the PS3 slim on August 25,
A 250GB Final Fantasy XIII
-themed PS3 Slim which was white in
color with pink designs, was officially announced on September 24, 2009
at the Tokyo Game Show
as part of a bundle in Japan
for Final Fantasy XIII
, it was initially
revealed in U.S. Federal Communications
(FCC) filings as the PS3 CECH-2000B.
Sony Computer Entertainment Australia
also announced later that day that it would be bringing the 250GB PS3
slim to Australia which would be bundled with other games and will not
feature the Final Fantasy XIII
theme. Although no American
bundles have been announced for the 250GB PS3 slim, it will be sold as a
stand-alone console (exclusively) in North
See also: PlayStation 3 accessories
Numerous accessories for the console
been developed including the wireless Sixaxis
and DualShock 3
controllers, the Logitech Driving Force GT
, the Logitech Cordless Precision
, the BD Remote
, the PlayStation Eye
camera and the PlayTV DVB-T
tuner/digital video recorder
At its press conference
at the 2007 Tokyo Game Show
, Sony announced the DualShock 3
(trademarked DUALSHOCK 3), a
PlayStation 3 controller with the same function and design as the
Sixaxis, but with vibration capability included.
Hands-on accounts describe the controller as being noticeably heavier
than the standard Sixaxis controller, and capable of vibration forces